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Postcolonial feminist theories and analytical approaches

September 30 - October 2, 2008

Deadline for application:
August 15, 2008

Roskilde University, Denmark

Prof. Meyda Yegenoglu, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, and Columbia University, New York, USA
Dr. Diana Mulinari, Lund University, Sweden
Assoc. Prof. Signe Arnfred, The Nordic Africa Institute, Sweden, and Roskilde University, Denmark
Assoc. Prof. Bodil Folke Frederiksen, Roskilde University, Denmark

Ass. prof. Signe Arnfred - in collaboration with Director of the Research
School, Prof. Nina Lykke, Linkoeping University, Sweden.

Course description:
Course description:
Over the last few decades postcolonial feminist theorizing has contributed decisively to feminist thinking, critically pointing to the implicit and invisible whiteness of Western feminisms. Postcolonial feminists have illuminated the complex and fractured ways in which the doings of gender and sexuality are at the core of nationalisms, colonialisms and racisms, and central to politics of war and militarization.

From postcolonial feminist positions new questions have been raised, for instance regarding foundational feminist concepts like women, gender and the male/female duality. To which extent are such concepts universally applicable, to which extent do they actually hide as much as they reveal? Postcolonial feminist theorizing invites to a thorough re-thinking of well-known conceptualizations. By de-centering the center (as put in the title of a volume edited by Sandra Harding and Uma Narayan) postcolonial feminist thinking offers a series of new vantage points from where to see and grasp the world, including one self and immediate surroundings. Being inspired by feminist standpoint theory as well as by post-structuralism, strands of post-colonial feminist thinking merge the two in new and unexpected ways.

The course will introduce and explore different lines of postcolonial feminist thinking in cross-disciplinary contexts - from sociology and anthropology to cultural and development studies - applied to a diversity of empirical fields, such as dressing and other bodily practices, sexuality and motherhood, gendered racisms, European identities and processes of globalization.

The course starts Sept 30 (morning) and ends Oct 2 at 16.00.
Arrival Sept 29 (before 18.00 h)
The course will be held at Hotel Soefryd, Soefrydvej 8-10, DK-4040 Jyllinge, overlooking Roskilde Fjord.


1. Meyda Yegenoglu: European Identity, Islam and Gender
2. Diana Mulinari: Situating Women s Lives. Feminist Theory and the Postcolonial Challenge
3. Bodil Folke Frederiksen: Linking Race and Sexuality. Some Cultural Studies Contributions
4. Signe Arnfred: In Which Ways do Bodies Matter? African Feminists Re-thinking Gender, Sexuality and Motherhood

The course will include two kinds of sessions:
Lecture-discussion sessions
Workshops on papers by the students


Day 1, Tuesday Sept 30
9.00 - 9.30 Welcome, round of presentations

9.30 - 12.30 Lecture and discussion / Meyda Yegenouglu:
European Identity, Islam and Gender (incl. coffee break)

12.30 - 13.30 Lunch

13.30 - 16.30 Lecture and discussion / Diana Mulinari:
Situating Women�s Lives. Feminist Theory and the Postcolonial Challenge

16.30 - 17.00 Coffee

17.00 - 18.00 Parallel workshops with students paper presentations
(Group 1 led by Meyda Yegenouglu; group 2 led by Diana Mulinari;
group 3 led by Bodil Folke Frederiksen; group 4 led by Signe Arnfred)

19.00 Dinner

Day 2, Wednesday Oct 1
9.00 - 11.00 Lecture and Discussion / Bodil Folke Frederiksen:
Linking Race and Sexuality. Some Cultural Studies Contributions

11.00 -11.30 Coffee

11.30 - 12.30 Parallel workshops with students paper presentations

12.30 - 13.30 Lunch

13.30 - 16.30 Lecture and discussion / Signe Arnfred:
In Which Ways do Bodies Matter? African Feminists Re-thinking Gender, Sexuality and Motherhood

16.30 - 17.00 Coffee

17.00 -18.00 Parallel workshops with students paper presentations

19.00 Dinner

20.00 Deepa Metha Trilogy: Film show and discussion / Bodil Folke Frederiksen

Day 3, Thursday Oct 2

9.00 -12.00 Plenary workshop on Analytical Approaches
(incl. coffee break)

12.00 - 13.00 Lunch

13.00 - 15.00 Parallel workshops with presentations

15.00 -15.15 Coffee break

15.15 - 16.00 Evaluation

16.00 Departure


Required readings:

Meyda Yegenoglu:

What is Europe? Who Is European?

Jose Casanova, �Religion, European Secular Identities, and European Integration, Transit 27, 2004 or http://www.eurozine.com/articles/2004-07-29-casanova-en.html
Or in Timothy A. Byrnes and Peter J. Katzenstein (eds) Religion in an Expanding Europe, Cambridge, Cambrdige University Press, pp. 65-92.

Balibar, Etienne, Europe and �Imagined� Frontier of Democracy.� In Diacritics, Vol. 33.3/4, 2003, pp. 36-44.

Goldberg, David Theo, Racial Europeanization, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 9 (2), 2006, pp. 331-36.

White, Hayden, The Discourse of Europe and the Search for a European Identity. in Bo Strah (ed.), Europe and the Other and Europe as the Other. Bruxelles, Peter Lang, 2000.

Agamben, Giorgio, We refugees. http://www.egs.edu/faculty/agamben/agamben-we-refugees.html

Balibar, Etienne "The Borders of Europe." In Pheng Cheah, Bruce Robbins (eds.), Cosmopolitics. Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation. Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1998, pp. 216-229.

Balibar, Etienne, Europe as Borderland, http://www.ru.nl/socgeo/colloquium/Europe%20as%20Borderland.pdf

Islam and Muslims in Europe

Asad, Talal, Muslims and European Identity: Can Europe Represent Islam? In Anthony Pagden (ed.) The Idea of Europe: From Antiquity to the European Union. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 209-228.

Marranci, Gabrielle, �Multiculturalism, Islam and the Clash of Civilizations Theory: Rethinking Islamophobia� Culture and Religion, Vol. 5 (1), pp. 105-113.

Modood, Tariq, Muslims, Religious Equality and Secularism, Lecture delivered at Sorbonne University, Paris 17/18 June 2005.

Wieviorka, Michel. Race, Culture, and Society: The French Experience With Muslims, in Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam: Politics, Culture and Citizenship in the Age of Globalization, Nezar AlSayyad and Manuel Castells, Lanham: Lexington Books, 2002

Yegenoglu, Meyda, The Return of the Religious: Revisiting Europe and Its Others. In: Culture and Religion, Vol. 7, n. 3, 2006.

Freedman, Jane. Secularism as a Barrier to Integration? The French Dilemma, International Migration, Vol. 42 (3), 2004. pp. 5-27

Woman, Islam and the Headscarf Debate

Afsaneh Najmanadi, �Gender and Secularism of Modernity: How Can a Muslim Woman be French?� Feminist Studies, 32:2, Summer 2006, pp. 239-255.

Lewis, Gail, Imaginaries of Europe, Technologies of Gender, Economies of Power. European Journal of Women's Studies, Vol.13, 2006, pp. 87-102.

Lutz, Helma, The Myth of the Other: Western Representation and Images of Migrant Women of so called Islamic Background. In: International Review of Sociology, Vol. 1, n. 2, 1991: 129-137.

Lutz, Helma, The Limits of European-ness: Immigrant Women in Fortress Europe�, Feminist Review, No. 57, Autumn 1997, pp. 93-111.

Razack, Sherene. Geopolitics, Culture Clash and Gender After September 11, Social Justice, December 2005.

Razack, Sherene. Imperilled Muslim Women, Dangerous Muslim Men and Civilized Europeans: Legal and Social Responses to Forced Marriages, Feminist Legal Studies, Vol. 12 (2), 2004, pp. 129-174.

Talhami, Ghada Hashe, European, Muslim and Female, Middle East Policy, Vol. XI (2), 2004, pp. 152-168.

Diana Mulinari:

Feminist theorize difference, race, racism and colonialism

Carby, Hazel V (1982). White woman listen! Black feminism and the boundaries of sisterhood. In Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (Ed.), University of Birmingham, The Empire strikes back: Race and racism in 70s Britain (212−235).

Lugones, Mar�a C. 1987. �Playfulness, �World�-Traveling, and Loving Perception.� Hypatia 2(2): (2-19).

Ann Phoenix (1998) Dealing with difference: the recursive and the new. Ethnic and Racial studies. Vol 21. Number 5. 858-877.

Shohat Ella (1992) "Notes on the `Post-Colonial'," Social Text, 31-32. Spring (99-113) (anthologized).

Anne- McClintock (1992) The angel of progress: The pitfalls of the Term Postcolonialism, Social Text. Spring (1-15).

Benita Parry (1995) Problems in Current Theories of Colonial Discourse in The postcolonial Studies reader (ed) Aschcroft B, Griffityhs G and H Tiffin. Routledge. London. ( 36-45)

Patricia Hill Collins (1995) Symposium On West and Fenstermaker�s �Doing Difference� , Gender and Society. Vol. 9. N 4. (491-513)

Sara Sureli (1995) Women Skin Deep: Feminism and the Postcolonial condition. In: The postcolonial studies reader (ed) Aschcroft B, Griffityhs G and H Tiffin. Routledge. London. ( 273-285).

Maxine Baca Zinn and Bonnie Thornton Dill (1996): Theorizing difference from multiracial feminism. In: Feminist Studies. 22. N 2. p 301- 331.

Afshar Haleh and Maynard Mary (2000) Gender and ethnicity at the millennium: from margin to centre. Ethnic and Racial Studies. Vol 23: 5 (805-819)

Yuval-Davis Nira (2006) Intersectionality and Feminist Politics. European Journal of Women�s Studies. Vol 13. 3. ( 193-209)

Carby Hazel (2007) Postcolonial Translations. Ethnic and Racial Studies. Vol. 30: 2 (213-234)

Postcolonial feminist analysis of diaspora, nationhood and globalisation

McCall, Leslie (2005) Managing the Complexity of Intersectionality, in: Signs: Journal of. Women in Culture and Society, vol.30, no 3.

Rhachel Salazar Parre�as (2000) Migrant Filipina domestic workers and the international division of reproductive labor. Gender and Society. Vol 14. N4. (560-581).

Avtar Brah (1999) The Scent of Memory : Strangers, Our own and Others. Feminist Review 61, Spring (4-26)

Gail Lewis (1996) Situated Voices. Black Womens experience and social work. Feminist Review. 53 Summer.

Anne McClintock (1993) Family Feuds, Gender, Nationalism and the Family. Feminist Review . N 44. Summer 1993. (62-80)

Connell Robert (2003) Masculinities, change and conflict in global society: Thinking about th efuture of men�s studies. The Journal of Men�s studies. 11: 3. (249-266)

Whiteness, Queer Studies and Postcolonial feminism

Ware Vron (1992) Moments of danger: race, gender and memories of Empire. History and feminist theory. Middletown (116-137)

Sara Ahmed (1999) She ll wake up one of these days and find she�s turned into a nigger Passing through Hybridity. Theory,culture and society, Vol 16- (2) 87-106.

Foog-Davis, Hawley G (2006) Theorizing Black Lesbians within Black Feminism: A Critique of Same-Race Street Harassment. Politics and Gender. Vol 2. N 1. (p 57-76)

Methodology and Postcolonial feminism

Khan, K B et al (2007) Taking up postcolonial feminism in the field: Working through a method. Women�s Studies International Forum Vol 30. (228-242)

Bodil Folke Frederiksen:

Ann Laura Stoler 1995: Colonial Studies and the History of Sexuality, in Stoler: Race and the Education of Desire, Duke University Press, p 1-18

Ann Laura Stoler 1995: Placing Race in the History of Sexuality, in Stoler: Race and the Education of Desire, Duke University Press, p 19- 54

Anne McClintock 1995: Imperial Leather: Race, Cross-dressing and the Cult of Domesticity, in: McClintock: Imperial Leather. Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest, Routledge, p 132 - 180.

Signe Arnfred:

Feminist re-conceptualizations

Ifi Amadiume 1987: Preface (p 1 - 10) in: I. Amadiume: Male Daughters, Female Husbands, Zed Books

Ifi Amadiume 1997: Introduction. Writing Africa. African social history and the sociology of history (p 1 - 26) in: I. Amadiume: Reinventing Africa. Matriarchy, Religion and Culture, Zed Books

Signe Arnfred 2002: Simone de Beauvour in Africa: Woman = the Second Sex? Issues of African Feminist Thought, in JEndA. A Journal of Culture and African Women�s Studies, vol 2, no 1, www.jendajournal.com

Eileen Boris 2007: Gender after Africa!� (p 191 - 204) in: C.M.Cole, T.Manuh and S.F.Miescher (eds): Africa After Gender, Indiana University Press.

Felicia Ekejuiba 1995: Down to Fundamentals: Women-centred Hearth.holds in Rural West Africa (p 47 - 62) in: D.Bryceson (ed): Women Wielding the Hoe, Berg Publishers.

Juliana Makuchi Nfah-Abbenyi 1997: Gender, Feminist Theory and Post-Colonial (Women�s) Writing (p 16 - 34) in: J.M.Nfah-Abbenyi: Gender in African Women�s Writing, Indiana University Press.

Oyeronke Oyewumi 2002: Conceptualizing Gender: Eurocentric Foundations of Feminist Concepts and the Challenge of African Epistemologies, in: JEndA. A Journal of Culture and African Women�s Studies, vol 2, no 1, www.jendajournal.com

Bodies, sexualities and motherhood

Fuambai Ahmadu 2000: Rites and Wrongs: An Insider/Outsider Reflects on Power and Excision (p 283 - 312) in B.Shell-Duncan and Y.Hernlund (eds): Female Circumcision, in: Africa, Lynne Rienner Publishers

Signe Arnfred 2004: Re-thinking Sexualities in Africa. Introduction (p 7 � -29) in: S.Arnfred (ed): Re-thinking Sexualities in Africa, the Nordic Africa Institute

Pumla Dineo Gqola and Thembinkosi Goniwe 2005: A Neglected Heritage: Aesthetics of Complex Black Masculinities 8 (p 80 - 94) in: Agenda no 63, Durban

Obioma Nnaemeka 1997: Introduction. Imag(in)ing knowledge, power and subversion in the margins (p 1-25) in: O.Nnaemeka (ed) The Politics of (M)Othering. Womanhood, Identity and Resistance in African Literature Routledge

Obioma Nnaemeka 2005: African Women, Colonial Discourses and Imperialist Interventions (p 27 - 45) in: O.Nnaemeka (ed) Female Circumcision and the Politics of Knowledge, Praeger

Nkiru Nzegwu 2006: Family Politics. Making Patriarchy in a Patrilineal Society (p 23 - 62) in: N.Nzegwu: Family Matters, State University of New York Press

Oyeronke Oyewumi 1997: Visualizing the Body (p 1 - 30) in: O.Oyewumi: The Invention of Women. Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses, University of Minnesota Press

Sylvia Tamale 2005: Eroticism, Sensuality and �Women�s Secrets among the Baganda: A Critical Analysis, in: Feminist Africa 5, Cape Town

Sylvia Tamale 2007: Out of the Closet: Unveiling Sexuality Discourses in Uganda (p 17 - 29) in: C.M.Cole, T.Manuh and S.F.Miescher (eds): Africa After Gender, Indiana University Press

Further reading

Joan Scott, The Politics of the Veil (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2007)

Heidi Safia Mirza (1992) Black British Feminism. A reader. Routledge. London.

Floya Anthias and Nira Yuval Davis (1993) Racialised Boundaires. Race, nation, gender, colour and class and the anti-racist struggle. Routledge. New York.

Anne McClintock (1995) Imperial Leather. Race , Gender and Sexuality in the colonial contest. Routledge. New York, London.

Ruth Frankenberg (1997) Displacing whiteness: essays in social and cultural criticism. Durham NC. Duke University.

Narayan, Uma, & Harding, Sandra (2000). Decentering the centre:
Philosophy for a multicultural, postcolonial, and feminist world. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Chrisman, Laura, & Parry, Benita (Eds.). (2000). Postcolonial theory and Criticism. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer.

Reina Lewis and Sara Mills eds (2003) Postcolonial Feminist Theory. A Reader, Routledge, New York.

Uma Narayan 1997: Dislocating Cultures. Identities, Traditions and Third World Feminism, Routledge, New York, London.

Chandra Talpade Mohanty 2004: Feminism Without Borders, Duke University Press.

Patricia Hill Collins 2005: Black Sexual Politics. African Americans, Gender and the New Racism, Routledge, New York and London.

(A reader will be sent out. However, the participants must borrow or purchase the books themselves.)

31 applicants, 21 participants: Denmark 2, Estonia 1, Finland 5, Kenya 1, Netherlands 1, Norway 2, Sweden 8, UK 1

Page manager: elisabeth.samuelsson@liu.se
Last updated: Thu Apr 28 15:36:40 CEST 2011